Coffee Handbook

How many types of Vietnamese coffee?

1.Robusta:
 
Robusta coffee (also known as Coffee, Robusta coffee) is the second most important coffee species. About 39% of the coffee products are produced from this type of coffee. The largest exporter of Robusta coffee in the world is Vietnam. Other important exporters include: Uganda, Brazil, India.
 
In Vietnam, Dakak, Gia Lai and Kom Tum provinces are specialized areas for Robusta coffee cultivation. Robusta contains higher levels of caffeine and has an impure aroma of Arabica, thus being underestimated.
 
Robusta coffee tree is a tree or shrub, the height of mature trees can be up to 10 m. Round fruits are smaller in size than Arabica beans. The caffeine content in Robusta coffee is about 2-4%, while Arabica coffee is only 1-2%.
Like Arabica coffee, 3-4 years old coffee can start harvesting. Seedlings last for 20 to 30 years. Latvian coffee loves to live in the tropics, the appropriate height for planting is less than 1000 m. The preferred temperature is about 24-29 ° C, rainfall is over 1000 mm. Coffee plantations need more sunlight than tea trees.
 
2.Arabica:
There are two types of cultivars in Vietnam: Moka and Catimor. This coffee is grown mainly in Cau Dat (Da Lat) - the best place to grow Arabica coffee in Vietnam.
 
(Image Arabica Coffee Land)
 
A) Moka: Aromatic, seductive, light taste. Moka is a genus of Arabica coffee, planted by Frenchmen in the 30s of the last century, planted in Da Lat - Lam Dong. Among them, this coffee is the hardest to cultivate, requiring great care. Moka coffee plant only grows and grows at an altitude of 1500m so few places to plant. Every year our country exports over one million tons of coffee, as most of the Robusta coffee grown in Daklak is in other provinces. So, in Vietnam Moka is a rare coffee, always priced higher than other types of coffee.
 
B) Catimor: Fragrant, slightly sour, twice the price of Robusta. This is a cross between Hybrid deoxyribonucleic acid Timor and Caturra for a product called Catomor.
Catimor is a type of coffee that is low in form, short branched, capable of growing thick. The preeminent advantage of this variety is the resistance to rust (Hemileia vastatrix), a coffee defoliation that leads to low productivity and insecurity. The old commercial varieties such as Typica, Bourbon, Caturra, Mundo Novo, if not sprayed with preventive chemicals, cause serious damage in coffee growing areas in Vietnam and in the world.
In addition to the disease resistance of the Catimor breed, there is another characteristic of the breed that is due to the sheer cover that limits the damage of the Xylotrechus quadripes and the worm does not like. Spawn in a place where there is no light.
 
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